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Private and social enterprise engagement in water and sanitation for the poor. A systematic review of current evidence

Authors: Carrard, G.A., Murta, N. & Willetts, J. (for Enterprise in WASH)
Publication date: 2013

Micro, small and medium private and social enterprises are emerging as important players in enabling or delivering sustainable water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services. This area is highly dynamic, thus pointing to a need for recent consolidated evidence about the effectiveness, sustainability and quality of services provided by such enterprises.

This paper reviews literature over the five years since 2008, taking stock and examining the nature and quality of the evidence for private enterprise engagement across both sanitation and water sub-sectors.