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A review of evidence, agreements, concepts and tools relating to participatory agricultural research

Author: Blackie, M.
Publication date: 2014

This is a rapid desk based study to identify an overview of evidence, agreements, concepts and tools relating to participatory agricultural research. The review was undertaken using both peer reviewed and grey literature from the major development agencies (both multilateral and national), national and international research institutes and think tanks, and regional and subregional research organisations.

Middle Eastern youth and the Arab Spring: cross-national variation and trends in values

Authors: Moaddel, M. & Jong, J. de
Publication date: 2014

Scholars and analysts widely claimed that the youth played a crucial role in the making of the revolutionary movements dubbed the Arab Spring. There has been little empirical evidence, however, to substantiate this claim and to document how much the younger age groups differ from the older in value orientation in different Middle Eastern countries.

In this paper, the data from the values surveys carried out in the region are analysed in order to assess cross-national variation and trend in the values and perceptions of the youth in several Middle Eastern countries.