Key orientations

Kolb's learning cycle and learning styles

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Aim of the method/approach
Offers insight into how people learn

When to use it?
This tool is useful at the beginning of an intervention process, when engaging people in M4SDI, to think about their preferred learning styles and how to make the best use of them.

Institutional analysis

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Aim of the tool
To analyse the institutions that have a bearing on the core issue of your intervention

When to use it?
This tool is particularly useful at the start of the intervention and when the issue of strategies for change is raised

Power Ranking

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Tool 30

Aim of the tool
To help participants experience how every person has different kinds of rank and privileges, and to see how this influences group power dynamics.

When to use it?
Divergence stage, to sensitize groups about how rank affects power positions. Only to be used if there is basic trust within the group. The exercise generates lots of energy in groups.

Option One-and-a-Half

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Tool 58

Aim of the tool
Encourage people to think creatively and make linkages between different ideas. 

When to use it?
The divergence stage.

Reflection

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Reflection Methods: Practical Guide

New book published: Reflection Methods. Tools to make learning more meaningful. Practical Guide for Trainers and Facilitators.

Authors: Femke Gordijn with Natalia Eernstman, Jan Helder and Herman Brouwer (2018).

Conflict Styles

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Tool 37

Aim of the tool
Generate insight on how different conflict-handling styles affect interpersonal and group dynamics and empower people to select the appropriate conflict-handling style for any situation. 

When to use it?
The co-creation stage. At this stage, this tool helps people to engage and collaborate.

Belbin Team Roles

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Tool 35

Aim of the tool
Optimise team work in an MSP.

When to use it?
The co-creation stage, when the emphasis shifts towards developing group outputs.

Tuckman (forming, norming, storming, performing)

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Tool 34

Aim of the tool
Self-evaluation process to make groups cooperate more effectively. 

When to use it?
The co-creation stage, when the focus shifts towards developing group outputs.


Rich Picture

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Aim of the tool
Rich picture helps you to understand the complexity of the environment in which the development intervention is operating, providing a spatial overview of the situation

When to use it?
You can use this tool to get a quick overview of the situation. It can also be a useful starting point to get the general agreement of your stakeholders on current and future action. So, you can use this tool during the planning process. It is also a good tool to use to find out whether the intervention has had some measure of impact at different stages of the M&E process