Strategic guidance

Participation analysis matrix

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Aim of the tool
To identify and describe the stakeholders (in terms of their attributes, interrelationships and interests) in relation to your development intervention. It also helps you to identify which group of stakeholders to involve and in which way in the intervention.

When to use it?
When you want to learn more about the key features of your stakeholders

Fast arrangement mapping

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Aim of the tool
To get a quick picture of players and their influence

When to use it?
In the starting phase of an analysis of a multi-stakeholder process (MSP). This is a tool to get a quick and good overview of the players who are active in a multi-stakeholder arrangement.

Sustainable livelihoods security framework

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Aim of the tool
This framework tool aims to help analyse and understand the main factors affecting the livelihood of poor people and their mechanisms for dealing with them. It also helps you to understand the context, assets, structures and processes, to develop livelihood strategies and achieve outcomes

When to use it?
It is a tool that can be used in different situations, for example, during the design phase, for programme analysis, and during monitoring and evaluation. It is used when you want to develop a more comprehensive and integrated understanding of poverty and livelihoods of people, in particular

Supply /value chain analysis / mapping

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Aim of the tool
It is to help you identify important actors and factors that influence the supply chain. The tool also helps you to develop a shared understanding of the market structure for small-scale producers and other participants in the market

When to use it?
This tool is useful at the beginning of an intervention process

Force field analysis

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Aim of the tool
To assess the strengths of the various factors (both positive and negative) influencing an intervention

When to use it?
This tool can be used at different stages of an intervention: at the design stage and at the evaluation stage.

Drivers and constrainers of change

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Aim of the tool
To strategically assess the driving and constraining forces involved in keeping a situation as it is or moving it in a different direction

When to use it?
This tool can be used at different stages of an intervention. For example at the design stage, you can use it to get additional information on the driving and constraining forces that can affect your intervention alongside your stakeholder analysis

Appreciative inquiry

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Aim of the tool
To identify the key success factors (including non-quantitative elements) for a given team, institution or intervention and to envision a new capacity for positive and sustainable change.

When to use it?
This tool is useful at the beginning of an intervention but can also be used for evaluation purpose.

Visioning

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Aim of the tool
To have a focused discussion around people’s dreams or shared vision for the future of a project or other activity. It also helps to generate a common goal, to give hope and encouragement and promote creative thinking and passion

When to use it?
When you want to analyse opportunities or define a vision, usually after the situation analysis and before developing your theory of change

Logical Framework Approach

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Aim of the method/approach
To plan and manage development projects

When to use it?
The logical framework or logframe is best used at an early stage of a programme or project for design purposes. It is difficult to use a logframe to review and/or restructure ongoing activities, especially when the programmes or projects were not designed using logframe principles and practices.

Network mapping/ Net-mapping

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Aim of the tool
To identify and describe stakeholders (in terms of their attributes, interrelationships and interests) in relation to an intervention or resource. It highlights the relationships between stakeholders and their influence on the issue being addressed

When to use it?
It can be used as a research tool. It can also be used as a tool for organisational development and strategic network planning