Situation analysis

Institutional analysis

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Aim of the tool
To analyse the institutions that have a bearing on the core issue of your intervention

When to use it?
This tool is particularly useful at the start of the intervention and when the issue of strategies for change is raised

Scenario Analysis/Planning Tool

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Aim of the tool 
Make participants think about possible futures, as well as stimulate creative and forward thinking.

When to use it?
Situation analysis and planning

Sustainable livelihoods security framework

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Aim of the tool
This framework tool aims to help analyse and understand the main factors affecting the livelihood of poor people and their mechanisms for dealing with them. It also helps you to understand the context, assets, structures and processes, to develop livelihood strategies and achieve outcomes

When to use it?
It is a tool that can be used in different situations, for example, during the design phase, for programme analysis, and during monitoring and evaluation. It is used when you want to develop a more comprehensive and integrated understanding of poverty and livelihoods of people, in particular

Supply /value chain analysis / mapping

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Aim of the tool
It is to help you identify important actors and factors that influence the supply chain. The tool also helps you to develop a shared understanding of the market structure for small-scale producers and other participants in the market

When to use it?
This tool is useful at the beginning of an intervention process

Force field analysis

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Aim of the tool
To assess the strengths of the various factors (both positive and negative) influencing an intervention

When to use it?
This tool can be used at different stages of an intervention: at the design stage and at the evaluation stage.

Drivers and constrainers of change

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Aim of the tool
To strategically assess the driving and constraining forces involved in keeping a situation as it is or moving it in a different direction

When to use it?
This tool can be used at different stages of an intervention. For example at the design stage, you can use it to get additional information on the driving and constraining forces that can affect your intervention alongside your stakeholder analysis

Appreciative inquiry

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Aim of the tool
To identify the key success factors (including non-quantitative elements) for a given team, institution or intervention and to envision a new capacity for positive and sustainable change.

When to use it?
This tool is useful at the beginning of an intervention but can also be used for evaluation purpose.

Scenario Planning

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Tool 36

Aim of the tool
Make participants think about possible futures, as well as stimulate creative and forward thinking.

When to use it?

The Co-creation phase. Also to be used when planning next steps for the MSP, or for strategy development.