Divergence

Role plays

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Tool 26

Aim of the tool: 
Developing communicative skills, creating in depth understanding of a situation and other stakeholders’ perspectives

When to use it?
Role plays can be used in many stages of an MSP, in particular when there is an element of capacity building involved.

Adjust group size

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Tool 25

Aim of the tool: 
To ensure that all participants can contribute effectively to the meetings’ objectives.

When to use it?
This tool can be used in all phases of an MSP. Apply it when you suspect too many plenary sessions are being planned. 

Combining ideas that might work together

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Tool 33

Aim of the tool
Encourage people to think creatively and make linkages between different ideas. 

When to use it?
The divergence stage.

Power Ranking

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Tool 30

Aim of the tool
To help participants experience how every person has different kinds of rank and privileges, and to see how this influences group power dynamics.

When to use it?
Divergence stage, to sensitize groups about how rank affects power positions. Only to be used if there is basic trust within the group. The exercise generates lots of energy in groups.

Guided Fantasy

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Tool 31

Aim of the tool
Allow people to explore new types of thinking and link with the unconscious.

When to use it?
At the divergence stage. 

Multiple Perspectives

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Tool 29

Aim of the tool
To help a group see an issue from as many vantage points as possible. 

When to use it?
In the Divergence stage, when it is important to explore and include different perspectives from stakeholders about an issue.

Six Thinking Hats

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Tool 28

Aim of the tool
To look at a decision or problem from different perspectives to achieve a complete and rounded view of the situation.

When to use it?
In the Divergence stage, or Convergence stage, where the quality of analysis is crucial for the best possible decisions.

Forms of Power

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Tool 27

Aim of the tool
To help participants consider what kind of change strategies are being used in the MSP, and which strategies might be missing.  

When to use it?
This tool can be used in different stages of an MSP, but particularly at a moment when strategies for change are discussed. It helps to generate conversations which bring out essence of participants’ notions of change.

Role Plays

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Tool 26

Aim of the tool
To develop communicative skills, creating in depth understanding of a situation and other stakeholders' perspectives.

When to use it?
Role plays can be used in many stages of an MSP, in particular when there is an element of capacity building involved.

Adjust group size: buzz and break-outs

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Tool 25

Aim of the tool
To ensure that all participants can contribute effectively to the meetings' objective

When to use it?
This tool can be used in all phases of an MSP. Apply it when you suspect too many plenary sessions are being planned.