Shared Language

Card clustering

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Tool 48

Aim of the tool
To quickly generate and cluster ideas, synthesize ideas, encourage discussion and consensus. 

When to use it?
The tool can be used in various stages of a MSP, but particularly in the Convergence stage. The tools is effective in groups that are diverse or have diverse opinions on an issue, as well as when hierarchies are present.

World Cafe

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Tool 13

Aim of the tool
To 
collect and link ideas on a topic of mutual interest.

When to use it?
Shared language phase - to share ideas, experiences, stories or project results; to solve problems; to plan. 

Timeline

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Tool 15

Aim of the tool
To promote participatory reflection on trends and developments and to link events with strategic planning.

When to use it?
Early phase of a MSP. Issue exploration and shared language.

Stakeholder Analysis: Importance/Influence Matrix

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Tool 12

Aim of the tool
To 
capture the degree of influence and level of interest of each stakeholder over the relevant issues or possible objectives of the MSP.

When to use it?
Issue exploration and shared language stage: This tool can be used when initiating an MSP, but also to review a situation with an established MSP. It specifically helps to identify (potential) stakeholders who might not yet be on board.

NetMapping

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Tool 11

Aim of the tool
To 
help people understand, visualize, discuss, and improve situations in which many different actors influence outcomes.

When to use it?
Issue Exploration and Shared Language. This tool can be used at all stages of an MSP. Not only when you plan an intervention but also to give insight whether certain goals have been achieved.

Four Quadrants of Change Framework

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Tool 24

Aim of the tool
To help participants consider what kind of change strategies are being used in the MSP, and which strategies might be missing.  

When to use it?
This tool can be used in different stages of an MSP, but particularly at a moment when strategies for change are discussed. It helps to generate conversations which bring out essence of participants’ notions of change.