Tools & Methods

Six Key Findings on the Use of Theories of Change in International Development

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Author: Valters, C.
Publication date: 2014

The Theory of Change approach is becoming a pervasive part of development practice: as an artefact, as a management tool, and increasingly as a common discourse which implementers use to explain and explore their interventions. In this blog post, Craig Valters introduces the 6 key findings of his research and paper: ‘Theories of Change in international development: communication, learning or accountability?’ 

Using Participatory Process Evaluation to Understand the Dynamics of Change in a Nutrition Education Programme

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Author: Cornwall, A.
Publication date: 2014

With roots in approaches to popular education and participatory action research that place the learner and the ‘beneficiary’ of development at the centre of enquiry and action, the participatory visualisation methods associated with Participatory Rural Appraisal have been widely used as tools for learning and accountability.

In this article, the author reflects on lessons learnt from using these methods in a participatory process evaluation of an educational programme aimed at addressing chronic malnutrition in an East African country.

A local vision of climate adaptation: Participatory urban planning in Mozambique

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Authors: Broto, V.C., Boyd, E., Ensor, J. & Allen, C.
Publication date: 2014

This article shares the findings of the project "Public Private People Partnerships for Climate Compatible Development (4PCCD)". It was a small project (£114,000) that ran from 2011 to 2013 in Maputo, Mozambique. It investigated whether local views be represented fairly in national and municipal planning processes through a partnership approach.

By experimenting with different forms of participatory planning, 4PCCD aimed to identify local priorities for climate-related action, along with the key actors and resources needed to make it happen.

Responsibility to protect (RtoP): Training toolkit for civil society actors and multidimensional peace support personnel in West Africa

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Author: Martyns Okeke, J., Ekiyor, T. & Balogun, O. (for the West Africa Civil Society Institute)
Publication date: 2013

This toolkit on the Responsibility to Protect (RtoP) was designed to introduce the concept to practitioners and policy makers in West Africa, as well as deepen their knowledge of its development and practice. It aims to achieve this through seven targeted training sessions to be delivered over three days using a combined methodology of brainstorming, mini-lectures and quizzes, open discussions, group work and case study exercises. 

Community Toolbox: Developing a Framework or Model of Change

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This toolkit helps in developing a picture of the pathway from activities to intended outcomes. It provides step by step guidance to develop a Logic Model or Theory of Change. A separate section presents 11 examples. 

Community Toolbox: Creating and Maintaining Partnerships

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This toolkit provides guidance for creating a partnership among different organizations to address a common goal. A broad range of topics is dealt with, ranging from the initial definition and analysis of the problem, and the development of a vision, mission and objectives to getting access to resources and setting up the necessary structures. A separate section presents 5 examples. 

Community Toolbox: Building Leadership Toolkit

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This online toolkit helps in developing a plan for enhancing leadership and its core tasks. It sheds a light on building strong adaptive personal and group leadership. It illustrates among others how to assess leadership and provides tools and methods to build leadership and make it work within and across changing groups. A separate section includes 6 examples. 

Community Toolbox: Leadership and Management Toolkit

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This online toolkit provides information about the core functions of leadership, management, and group facilitation. It clarifies the different types, styles and functions of leadership, including ethical and collaborative leadership, and shares insights on how to encourage and build leadership. A separate chapter focuses on the essentials of becoming an effective manager. The last chapter zooms in on group facilitation and problem-solving. 

Photovoice

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Photovoice is a ground-breaking approach to participatory action research. The beauty of photovoice is its diversity; every photovoice project is different, and each project has a different focus. With photovoice, different stories are told, different photographs are captured and different outcomes are sought. Despite the many differences, common to each photovoice project is its effectiveness as a method to reveal real life experiences and empower marginalized individuals, particularly girls and women.

Civicus Advocacy toolkit: Influencing the post-2015 development agenda

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Authors: Amy Cutter (Stakeholder Forum), Ian Fenn (Stakeholder Forum) and Freya Seath (CIVICUS)
Publication date: 2014

This advocacy toolkit is for civil society and other stakeholder organisations, coalitions and individuals that wish to influence the post-2015 development agenda, including the design of the Sustainable Development Goals. It aims to equip you with relevant information and tools to enable you to develop and implement an effective post-2015 advocacy strategy.