Complex Adaptive Systems

Analysing stakeholder power dynamics in multi-stakeholder processes: insights of practice from Africa and Asia

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Authors: Brouwer, H., Hiemstra, W., Vugt, S.v. & Walters, H.
Publication date: 2013, In: Knowledge Management for Development Journal 9(3): 11-31

Civic innovations to improve communities and government services

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What if we could re-program government together?

What bugs would you fix? What would be the killer app? How would you combine citizen and government data to improve services and quality of life in your community?

The near future holds profound opportunities for rapid innovation in government services. New civic technologies will be built with open data, ubiquitous cloud connectivity, and real-time sensing.

Negotiation-support toolkit for learning landscapes

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Author: Noordwijk, M.v. et alii. (for the World Agroforestry Centre)
Publication date: 2013

In landscapes around the world, active learning takes place with experiments that involve changes in technology, farming systems, value chains, livelihoods’ strategies and institutions. An overarching hypothesis that is being tested in this publication is:

Private Sector Activities in Disaster Risk Reduction: Good Practices and Lessons Learned

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Authors: International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR) (for UN)
Publication date: 2008

This publication highlights seventeen examples of how the private sector engages in partnerships to reduce the risk of disaster. An attempt has been made to divide the examples into the three partnership types:

Private Sector Activities in Disaster Risk Reduction: Good Practices and Lessons Learned

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Authors: International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR) (for UN)
Publication date: 2008

Complexity, Modeling, and Natural Resource Management

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Authors: Cilliers, P. et alii. (for the Resilience Alliance)
Publication date: 2013, In: Ecology and Society 18 (3): 1

This paper contends that natural resource management (NRM) issues are, by their very nature, complex and that both scientists and managers in this broad field will benefit from a theoretical understanding of complex systems. It starts off by presenting the core features of a view of complexity that not only deals with the limits to our understanding, but also points toward a responsible and motivating position.

Pathways to Collaborative Action: Transforming agricultural, land and food systems

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Authors: McKenzie, F.
Publicateion date: 2013

This Ecoagriculture Discussion Paper explores the possibilities of taking cross-sectoral collaborative action to break away from business-as-usual. It shows how the complexity of the sustainability challenges makes cross-sectoral collaboration so essential. It highlights how complex non-linear linkages exist between food, agricultural, and land systems. It argues that if we are to effectively operate in this nexus, then we need to seriously reconsider the way we work together.

Participatory mapping for adaptation to climate change: the case of Boe Boe, Solomon Islands

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Author: Piccolella, A.
Publication date: 2013, In: Knowledge Management for Development Journal, 9 (1): 24-36

Critics of top-down, expert-driven approaches to adaptation suggest the need for tools and methods capable of addressing the gap between scientific and local understanding of climate change. After a lengthy period in which participatory mapping in the context of climate change was overlooked, attention has now turned to Participatory Three-Dimensional Modelling (P3DM) for adaptation planning.

A guide for managing projects and programmes in the face of complexity

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Authors: Hummelbrunner, R. & Jones, H.
Publication date: 2013

Complexity heightens the importance of effective management, but poses challenges for the tools and approaches used most widely to manage international development projects.

This ODI guide, which follows 'A guide to planning and strategy development in the face of complexity', addresses the challenges managers face steering development interventions towards their intended goals in the face of three types of challenges:

A guide for planning and strategy development in the face of complexity

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Authors: Hummelbrunner, R. & Jones, H.
Publication date: 2013

This Background Note is a guide, explaining how planning and strategy development can be carried out despite complexity. While it is true that complex situations require a greater focus on learning and adaptation, this does not render plan­ning irrelevant.