Tools & Methods

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Role plays

Tool 26

Aim of the tool: 
Developing communicative skills, creating in depth understanding of a situation and other stakeholders’ perspectives

When to use it?
Role plays can be used in many stages of an MSP, in particular when there is an element of capacity building involved.

Tags: Divergence

Human Spectrogram

Tool 2

Aim of the tool: 
To discover similarities and differences within a group and get a spectrum of comments on an issue

When to use it?
Especially at the connection stage. It can be used to surface similarities and differences in a group, or as an icebreaker exercise or energizer. It helps stakeholders to get to know each other.

Tags: Connection

Adjust group size

Tool 25

Aim of the tool: 
To ensure that all participants can contribute effectively to the meetings’ objectives.

When to use it?
This tool can be used in all phases of an MSP. Apply it when you suspect too many plenary sessions are being planned. 

Tags: Divergence

Force Field Analysis

Tool 16

Aim of the tool: 
To identify and assess the strengths of the various forces influencing a desired change both supportive and restraining

When to use it?
This tool can be used at the design or evaluation state of an intervention or for decision making on organizational changes 

Closing circle

Tool 59

Aim of the tool This tool helps to wrap up a meeting in a positive way, enhancing participants' commitment to the MSP.

When to use it? Commitment stage

Tags: Commitment

Polls

Tool 54

Aim of the tool:   
Helping a group to make a decision in case the group can't decide unanimously on a course of action through dialogue.  

When to use it?
In the last stages of an MSP when decisions need to be taken

Tags: Commitment

Make a visual Theory of Change

Tool 53

Aim of the tool:   
Help stakeholders to visualise their Theory of Change
 

When to use it?
Commitment stage, when the group needs to come to a common understanding and agreement on which main strategies or pathways of change are needed to arrive at the vision,  and where, how and what each actor is expected to contribute.

Tags: Commitment

Silence

Tool 51

Aim of the tool: 
To change the group dynamics in order to obtain a better quality of listening and decision making.

When to use it?
In the Convergence stage, when decisions need to be made about what could work, and to refine what has been created. Also useful in earlier stages.  

Tags: Convergence

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